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Nano Catalytic Instant Water Converter (NCIWC) A non-chemical water treatment system

The Nano Catalytic Instant Water Converter (NCIWC) is a non-chemical water treatment system. It is operating effectively in preventing hard scale build-up in several thousand heat exchange plants boilers condensers & chilling plants. This article describes the reasons for scale formation from hard waters and examines some recent research into the way the Nano Catalytic Instant Water Converter (NCIWC) modifies the scaling behavior of calcium carbonate. This the system has a significant effect on scale formation conditions in hard waters. The combination of field experience and basic scientific research programs is generating more confidence in preventing scale 'physically" rather than using chemical water-treatment systems. research has provided clear, scientific evidence that

Scaling and its causes

Water is a very good solvent for minerals and many other materials. Natural waters are essentially "ionic soups". All of the ionic species are trying to keep in a thermodynamic equilibrium with their environment, and they achieve this by combining together in clusters - perhaps growing to form crystals - or by break - ing up into free ions. All of these reactions are occurring all the time as local conditions change.

Forming part of this "soup" are the ions calcium and carbonate, and they can form calcium carbonate - the principle scaling salt found in hard waters. We need to understand the equilibrium of these species in water, and in doing so we will know whether scaling can occur, or not. If we can, in some way, change the equilibrium with (NCIWC), we can modify the scaling behavior of hard water.

The equilibrium solubility product for calcium carbonate is a thermodynamically defined value for a given pressure and temperature. It is the concentrations of calcium and carbonate free ions in equilibrium with a large crystal of calcium carbonate suspended in water. Equation (1) is the standard way of showing this equilibrium.

Equation 1:
[Ca ++ [CO3] -> [CaCO3]
It is this equilibrium point that all waters will try and reach either by crystal growth or dissolution. At this equilibrium point, the crystal will be growing and dissolving at the same rate.

BIO FILM CONTROL:

Bio Film formation can be effectively controlled in the water used from our Equipment

"NANO CATALYTIC INSTANT WATER CONVERTER"

Even though you may not be familiar with the term bio film, you have certainly encountered bio films on a regular basis. For example, the plaque that forms on your teeth and causes tooth decay is one type of bacterial biofilm. The "gunk" that clogs your household drains is also a bio film. If you have ever walked in a stream or river, you may have slipped on rocks that were slimy with bio film. And so it goes: bio films—they're where you want to be.


Problems with Bio Film:

After the slime layer forms, a veritable micro-ecology can flourish. The slime layer helps trap additional organic particles that many bacteria can use for food and Energy. Other microorganisms including viruses, protozoa, algae, fungi, and other eliminates may become associated with or entrained within the bio film. Some Protozoa graze on bio film bacteria creating a food web. Bio film thickness is variable but is usually in the range of 50 to 100 microns. As the thickness increases, pieces of Bio films can shear off, allowing for colonization of downstream sections of the System.